Carpenters are vital to almost every facet of the construction industry. They must have expertise in a wide variety of skills that are needed in commercial construction as well as in residential building and structural maintenance. On residential sites, carpenters crib basements, build house frameworks, walls, roofs and exterior finishes, and install doors, windows, flooring, cabinets, stairs, handrails, paneling, moulding and ceiling tiles. At construction locations they are responsible for building concrete forms, scaffolding, bridges, trestles, tunnels, shelters, towers and other structures. Those who work in maintenance may repair and remodel existing structures of all kinds. Regardless of the work, a certified carpenter is trained to:


  • prepare the foundations of buildings
  • install beams, girders and footing forms
  • build stairs and stair forms
  • construct sloped and unequal pitch roofs
  • apply wall and ceiling coverings, inside and outside
  • install trim, doors, baseboards, mouldings, cabinets and other finish carpentry
  • lay floors of resilient tile or hardwood strips
  • erect and insulate walls, ceilings and floors
  • fireproof beams and columns
  • What skills does a Carpenter need?

Carpentry is an obvious choice for those who are good at working with their hands and using hand and power tools. However, modern carpentry demands both manual skills and the ability to read drawings, sketches and plans for building information. Carpenters need to work accurately, be able to estimate the cost of jobs, and determine and order the materials needed for the job. Communication skills are also important since carpenters work with other tradespeople. To be successful in their trade, carpenters must be able to:

  • solve mathematical problems quickly and accurately to avoid potentially costly mistakes or omissions when measuring and marking materials
  • select materials, plan sequences and methods of work
  • cut and shape materials and join them with nails, screws, bolts or glue
  • check completed units to ensure they are level, square, plumb and the right size, shape and in the proper location
  • work with national and local building codes


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